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# A sound basis to Rotational Dynamics

## Comments

• edited August 2018
https://arxiv.org/pdf/1808.01967.pdf
This technical paper shows in practical radio Astronomy. A magnetic universe is unavoidably demonstrated.
Any of the mathematical techniques employed to solve linear view problems are mathematical evidence that a linear assumption is non utilitarian in cosmic and quantum scale dynamics. .

These gigantic magnetic structures do not need explanation of the curl or curvilinear form rather any straight line dynamic is what requires explanation

• Copper is diamagnetic. So varying magnetic induction force creates magnetic regions that tend to push away from the varying magnetic induction force.

These magnetic regions which are set in motion by the varying magnetic induction force, tend to move along a copper conductor in a way that orients them in the opposite polarity to the magnetic field to which they are travelling. Because a copper wire is usually oriented to move orthogonally to the main magnetic field direction these magnetic regions tend to move towards the surface of the copper and spread out along the surface of the copper wire or copper rod. This surface motion of these magnetic regions which are oriented opposite to the field is called in the main and electric current. This motion of the magnetic regions is also considered to charge the surface of the copper.

Although the movement of the magnetic regions induces some motion in the lattice structure of the copper, in the main the lattice structure remains stable and enters into a vibrational mode. It is claimed that these magnetic regions are electrons that is small particles of the material which are free to move within the lattice structure. However the movement of such particles creates a philosophical difficulty. The copper material should underset circumstances alter its appearance throughout its body.. This is clearly not the case. Instead what we observe is the vibration of the copper material, with the surface becoming heated and changing its absorption and re transmission of light eventually the material vibrates to such a degree that it becomes hot and plastic and may in some cases disintegrate explosively.

The gas pressure around the copper material will increase and the spectrometer will show an increase in the copper content of this atmosphere. This atmosphere is a plasma, one of the fluid forms of the copper material. The plasma itself around the copper lattice will move to a greater extent than any material within the lettuce. But in any case the movement around the copper wire or rod is not a straightforward current flow but rather a transmission of pressure wave patterns through a fluid medium these pressure wave patterns are mediated by the underlying movement of the magnetic regions.

When a copper rod is rotated around it is long axis while at the same time carrying a pulse of magnetic current around its exterior of the post of magnetic current is affected by the spin. The result of this extra dynamic is to cause the plasma to expand greatly around the spinning magnetic current  guiding  wire or rod.

The behaviour of this plasma is evident in a Cathode ray tube. Magnetic induction generates an increased plasma phase in materiality which then moves under magnetic pressure like a super fluid or aether.

Paramagnetic induction is not as efficient at generating these plasma fluids and causing pulses to propagate through them .

There is one aspect of JJ Thompson's experiment to find the emf to mass ratio under electric mode and magnetic mode balancing is the fact that plasma and plasma density was not considered. The so called mass  is assumed to be a particle rather than a less dense form of materiality.
• Magnetic chemistry.

It is very difficult to approach chemistry through magnetism because of the reliance on particle physics, the proton,neutron ,electron. However these particles are not necessary to understand the behaviour of materiality, where as magnetic behaviour is vitally necessary.

We start with the notion of a rotating aether.In such an Aether A complete rotation in a region is distinguished as a dipole. Incomplete rotations are distinguished as variable oscillations within the aether. However, we have to dispel the notion of two-dimensional rotation and replace it with at least three-dimensional rotation. This means that a complete rotation breaks down into three different forms in the sphere. Three forms are :rotation that is around a single great circle, rotation that is involving two orthogonal great circles, and rotation that involves three orthogonal great circles. As always a complete rotation is when a specific point rotates around a path which is closed.

These orthogonal great circles are the primitive of fundamental rotations, but the rotations of the region can be a much more complex combinatorial affair. That’s from the three primitive or fundamental rotations we can build up a rotation that is another great circle, a rotation that is a spiral that Loops back on itself, or a rotation that is a dynamic spring motion that rotates around the sphere as it moves back. But now understand that that may be true for a specific point, but for a collection of points we may have a combination of all these different forms. Using qqazxxsw Trochoidal application, Especially the three-dimensional version called Tro Torted, I can get a sense of the trochoidal dynamics which represent these kinds of motions. This is only half the picture, as dipoles when added together form a new magnetic dipole. While it is not possible on
the app to show the full dynamics it is clear that the rotation of the dipole can be split into two contiguous dipoles which themselves are rotating relative to each other in these complex trochoidal dynamics

From these complex forms we must identify those which represent the paramagnetic behaviour of dipoles those which represent the diamagnetic behaviour of dipoles. We also need to account for the impedance behaviour of these type of material boundaries, with a medium changes in density.

Much headway has been made in this regard in the field of NM R spectroscopy. The unnecessary complication in this subject is the use of protons neutrons and electrons instead of the use of paramagnetic behaviour and diamagnetic behaviour. The use of this type of description as opposed to protons neutrons, and electron, will revolutionise the understanding of antimatter. It is entirely feasible, and indeed a proposition that anti-matter is merely diamagnetic material in relation to paramagnetic material.
Firstly, we need to realise that there are two behaviours. Paramagnetism, and diamagnetism.In the NMR model that I have, magnetic behaviour is ascribed to the electrons and to electronic behaviour and finally to the electronic environment while the para magnetic behaviour is ascribed to the nucleus. In a statistical sense, or a probability distribution the proton is described as being highly paramagnetic. This means that most protons will be paramagnetic and only a few will be diamagnetic. However the proton can be made into a diamagnetic form or state by being irradiated by electromagnetic radiation.
The flipping between paramagnetic and Diamagnetic states through the use of radiation is the fundamental principle of nuclear magnetic resonance and has to be demonstrated.

This effect was demonstrated in the early 17th century. Record was made in the London philosophical Society’s records include a report by a member which documents the agitation of a Victorian or compass needle in the presence of sunlight. This was before the photoelectric effect was explained, before the electric and electron theory was made dominant.

Today we are heavily invested in the electronic Siri. However when it comes to explaining the basic properties of materials electronic theory has to give way to the magnetic theory. That the complicated explanation of shells and orbitals and quantum phenomena can be simplified by means of understanding magnetic frequency in relation to the presence of three dimensional Dipoles.

The basic machine operates differently to what you are taught in many online introductory courses. The variation in the strength of the magnetic field is crucial as well as the radiation by an electromagnetic pulse of radiation.

Here Paul uses an analogy. No one believes nuclei actually spin!
Why?

This is because quantum theory, which is a mathematical theory, relies upon straight line vectors. As a consequence any rotation is projected onto orthogonal Direction vectors. Need orthogonal letters are straight lines.

When Newton devised his Vector explanation of forces he created straight line vectors which represented different directions but allied with these he also created circular vectors which were projected onto straight line vectors. Thus as Justus Grassman pointed out there are two sorts of vectors.

As Justus Grassman expressed that they were extensive magnitudes, the two sorts were uniform lineal extensions, and trigonometric lineal extensions. In fact be more precise there are affine parallel extensions and circular extensions viewed as projections. Einstein called these projections contravariant and covariant. However Newton only dealt with points where is Justus Gressman dealt with lines whether they were Curvilinearl or rectilineal

It is clear that our best models of magnetic behaviour are based on something spinning. I propose to call this something and aether, in addition I propose that the nearest we get to this ether is the plasma form of materiality. I also propose the prisoners exist not just at high temperatures but any temperature. Therefore I propose in conclusion the plasmas are a magnetic phenomenon

Once we understand the basic principles of the in the mall spectroscopic Technology, we can then use the idea to redefine the proton, the neutral, and the electron in terms of magnetic frequency and resonance. This is a spin or torque resonance and is best understood in a three-dimensional array.

If we want to define magnetism in terms of rotation, from this array we have to define ferromagnetism, paramagnetism, diamagnetism. In addition it must be consistent with experimental results.

This course along with others will orient you to the rotational dynamics of NMR and reveal why particles are unnecessary.

The principles of Grassmanns twisters have yet to be fully applied and when they are a better stereoscopic and holographic representation of the spectrum and the MRI images will be available.
In the meantime the language of shifts and splits should be correlated with dispersion/ diffraction patterns as in emission and absorption of optical spectroscopy.

The spectrum produced by Fourier analysis reveals that spectral lines in the optical spectroscopy would reveal more if analysed by frequency as opposed to wavelength , and give some credence to my attempts to interpret them by 3 d trochoidal patterns. .

• In this series on the pioneers of electromagnetism the professor demonstrates an Electroscope designed by sir William Gilbert.

This was a form of magnetic behaviour called by Gilbert Electra magnetism. It is a triboluminescent magnetic phenomenon. .. at the time it was separated from ferromagnetism and so was miscategorised by later researchers.. here however we see demonstrated the magnetic behaviour of glass among other things.

Later researchers were misdirected by this division ar key points. Örsted attempted to describe the phenomenon in terms of a rotational dynamic, and was misunderstood. Ampère tried to explain it in terms of a rotational dynamic at a scale that was particulate and could flow in a wire and this was subtlety changed to the electron later on .
• https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCinl79GBMdXEy-m7Q7BRcRQ
This detailed course on NMR will introduce you to the concepts of paramagnetism and diamagnetism in the context of so called protons and electrons. The reason for this study is to familiarise chemists with the alternative notion of a magnetic bond which is frequency and phase dependent ,

The chemical shifts and environments of diamagnetism enable us to define structures in the magnetic aether. , which are plasmoid all in nature.

The electron and the diamagnetic dipole are the next equivalence to be explored .
• edited September 2018

I begin by establishing copper as diamagnetic.
Dia means through As opposed to
And here more directly the behaviour of copper filings on a plate:

So right off the bat both Faradays law of induction and Lenz law are laws of Diamagnetic behaviour.

So we see diamagnetic behaviour turns copper particles through a quarter turn relative to the relation of the poles. . If we draw the traditional paramagnetic torque lines we can construct the weaker diamagnetic torque lines as everywhere orthogonal to such paramagnetic lines.

Weak as it is we see that water in a U tube is given an additional pressure over and above atmospheric pressure through diamagnetic behaviour. This pressure we can imagine as caused by a torque on a dipole which rotates it orthogonal to the paramagnetic effect. .
In materiality then a magnetic field so called creates a contraction orthogonal to a weak expansion and therefore a rotation within the material.
It is usually harder to think that solid crystals have this ability to rotate like a fluid without appreciably changing shape, but of course believing in atoms allows one to imagine these invisible motions. .

We do not need to invoke atoms in fluid dynamics but regions or particles and their pressure/ force scaffolding are unavoidable if we want to depict internal events visible externally.
An electric Current is a diamagnetic phenomenon in which a torsional wave oscillation is transmitted through and around a diamagnetic material in 2 directions!

Let us now consider an impedance in that wave train. We should expect a standing wave to be established . We should also expect inertial forces to be invoked as part of the action and reaction interaction.

Because the forces are relatively weaker than ferromagnetic ones we should expect softer responses for any given time step.
We can perhaps compare the Windhurst machine with the copper generator. In one the dipole turn is diamagnetic whereas in the other it is paramagnetic. Both produce what we call charge in a dielectric capacitor set up or a Leyden jar.

We might also consider The Kelvin water generator as a diamagnetic phenomenon as water drops move through the earths magnetic influence. There are of course additional factors to consider but diamagnetism and torque effects should not be excluded by the over simplification called the electron or the magnetic moment.

To be sure their are magnetic moments but they are para and dia magnetic ones,

Finally, when you cut a medium under torsion torsional waves can not be maintained especially in a loop geometry. A similar effect occurs in all musical instruments where a stop or hole controls the length of the standing wave in a vibrating column.

However in a plane geometry Chladini patterns can easily be established, and as you may know it was electrification By means of Chladini vibrations that captured Örsteds attention prior to electro magnetic dynamics.
http://www.nbi.ku.dk/english/www/hco/oersted/det_hele_haenger_sammen/

• In this very helpful Series, brainiac 75 identifies the magnetic properties of certain elements in the periodic table. However the reliance upon electrons is still evident and presents a challenge towards the diamagnetic theory that I am proposing.

The issue really is to do with the methods of testing. In order to determine whether a material is paramagnetic or diamagnetic or ferromagnetic, a series of different tests have to be performed. Here in the main brainiac 75 demonstrate the attraction and repulsion test. Therefore the rotation or torque test is missing. It is precisely this torque behaviour which uncovers the behaviour which is typically construed as electronic.

Imagine, if you will, a loop of copper wire which is suspended in the Earth’s magnetic field. This copper wire will eventually position itself so that it is across the local magnetic field of the Earth. This is a diamagnetic property. Where as the copper loop will have no North Pole South Pole associated with this behaviour it will be construed to have faced towards the north and south. Now allow a current to run around the loop and definite polls appear. This is direct evidence that North and South poles appear due to a magnetic current running round the loop, And yet it will be insisted that it is due to an electric current running round The loop. What is clear is that the changing magnetic field creates a magnetic response in materiality whether the material is diamagnetic or paramagnetic. If both these cases rotation across or into the direction the field is implied. These patterns of rotation in materiality are seen as currents within the material, and in particular in diamagnetic material they are called electric currents. What did the scorning clearly shows is that the magnetic field lines, torque lines are clearly orthogonal to the direction of the wire which hitherto has been ignored, but is clearly similar to a diamagnetic pattern if a magnetic. Flux is assumed to be parallel to the wire. Because the diamagnetic behaviour is to transform a magnetic flux by repulsion , this torque will turn a versorium away from itself and thus also orthogonal to the wire. . What Ed demonstrates is that the magnetic flux is also directed orthogonal to the wire while propagating along the wire in this manner. .

He called it a intertwining spiral which requires both types of individual magnetic flux to exist.

The electronic magnet theory conceals this demonstrable behaviour.

• A series of talks regarding the double spin vortex Howard Johnson and Davis collaborated on explaining.

• So we see how magnetic vortex spins affect crystal structures and thus light absorption and retransmission .
From now on I will be working through Howard Johnson’s data published in the secret world of the magnet.it is very much in line with Ed’s fundamental research programme in magnetic current. You will find the book in the library here.
• edited September 2018

A direct experimental link between gyroscope, magnetism and sound, if you will allow all are related by rotational dynamics ,and I submit: trochoidal dynamics.. nothing here repeats Howard Johnson’s electronic measurements of the magnetic flux strength and direction( if we presume Faraday magnetic tubes are a good analogy) ,

• A series of videos in which spin is identified as magnetism. The dipole is ignored in favour of orientation of the dipole. Consequently Howard Johnson’s investigation of the dipole in permanent magnets is ignored, instead of built upon, because patents would tie these researchers up financially!

• Again magnetic Faraday tubes associated with spin in the classical sense, not just dipole orientation in the quantum sense . The spin Hall effect as used in a hall sensor is fundamentally a macroscopic effect in a nanoscale landscape!!. The vortex spin Johnson identified can be resolved into nanoscale vortex spins, which in fact is visible in the behaviours of ferrofluids. The poles of Jupiter and Saturn and I predict the sun show this nesting of vortices within vortices creating spheroid always geometric patterns at the poles.
There is a lot to understand about these vortex dynamics regarding their conical direction and ABC rotation orientations,. Currently as I understand it Johnson shows that ABC and ACB exist in doublets at both poles with each ABC component having the same conical orientation . Not sure if ACB has reverse conical orientation yet. But ABC is naturally closest to ACB and furthest from the other ABC component on the other pole.

We do not need electrons to explain the Rayleigh and Love waves measured at these surfaces
• edited September 2018

More detailed explanation of the spin hall effect. This is crucial to understanding how a Hall effect element works in a gaus meter. Johnstons two particle idea can now be seen to extend to continuous medium with opposite spins, or opposite magnetisation of the dipole.

Note the thermal influence on dipole orientation , which explains the Curie point for ferromagnetic materials..
All this research indicates a bias against looking at the magnetic field lines,or the faraday magnetic tubes. Logically one has to be set as the standard, and the normal standard is a uniform standard. Using the hall affect as many complications. For example temperature there is the whole effect, and sound, so do use it as the standard and then to derive the field pressures from it leads to at least two interpretations. The first interpretation is due to the voltage/pressure in a Maxwell/faraday tube The second is the temperature gradient in the space that is being measured. . However the concept of a faraday magnetic tube flux is still a very helpful analogy. Nevertheless, classical spin that is actual spin in space still seems to be by far the best analogy
• edited September 2018

It is quite clear that Johnson’s work is not the focus of spintronics, and that Fert is the Father of spintronics.

It is also clear that hardly anyone in academia has revisited the permanent magnet in the light of the spin Hall effect or giant magneto resistance. .
The spin is the magnetic moment of the electron so called, the magnetism of an electron as a dipole!. Of course a dipole does not sit well with an electric monopole so called., the electron.

The orbital model of the atom gives rise to the the term spin orbital coupling , but if a plum pudding model was used we would have to consider the whole so called atom as a permanent magnetic structure with a consequent dipole. The spins on such a bonfiguration would then be described by Johnson’s vortex spin model , and the presumed particles in Johnson’s model would be the particles moved in these vortex tracks he et al described around the permanent magnet,.

Consider now that such an atomic plum pudding magnet will be assumed to spin, then we can expect these vortex spins to trace out complex trochoidal patterns within the regional volume assigned to such a plum pudding atom.

This of course will give rise to fractal distributions of material forces in the Boscovich atom model but wholly depictable by Grassmann Twistor /quaternions can Fourier Transformsbetween space and frequency.. we would nave not only the Boscovich atomic form(period) but also an associated frequency spectrum, ideal for modern spectroscopic analysis in all forms of spectroscopy.

If I am understanding Fert well he is discussing measurements close to or within surface materials, very thin ones whereas Johnson measured at a level of 1/2” above the magnetic surface, that is. In a gaseous environ not a crystalline one. I would be so bold as to suggest that Skymions are the Rayleigh wave forms that interact at the impedance between crystal and gas to generate the Johnson Vortex spins. While these do not result in physical tornadoes in the gas, they do alter the detectable dipole orientation in the gas.

There is much to learn which affects Lohnsons interpretation of a vortex spin near a permanent magnetic pole. Maxwells concept of vorticular lines of force or Magnetic Faraday tubes may again be useful, and more helpful than the B field torque line.

We must also bear in mind that proper researchers do not measure absolute values but rather intensities and densities making probability densities more apt than exact counts of so called electrons and magnetic moments of electrons.. Nevertheless the classical concepts still hold good at this level / fractal scale of research.

Remember, Johnson’s magnets had all these doping and layer structures built into them even if they could not be explained as to how they improved permanent magnetic pressure/ strength.

• The Michelson Morley experiment was incorrectly interpreted and so at this crucial juncture in physics the validity of an aether, Maxwells Luminiferous aether with electric and magnetic properties modelled by rotational dynamics was lost to West European and especially American researchers.in Eastern Europe the aether was not rescinded nor was Einstein’s reletavity Theory accepted as true. The anti Semitic disposition of European society especially prior to both world wars made the aether a key question that distinguished Western Europeans from eastern ones and often raised suspicions regarding which side of the war an individual was really on!

The classical treatment of the measurement problems involved and embraced rotation. However the utter and profound confusion regarding so called complex numbers made it difficult to assign physical behaviour to certain mathematical procedures. Mathematicians regularly associated complex numbers with rotation whereas Physicists had no idea what a complex value was referring to. So applied mathematicians often taught physicists to ignore so called imaginary quantities and stick to the real part of a complex valued calculation. . In the mean time Hamilton’s quaternions were not considered sound despite them simplifying many presentations and giving the correct solutions. Heaviside and Gibbs vector descriptors were favoured and probabilistic interpretations as well as statistical ones were shown to be highly relevant if non deterministic. Lord Kelvin personally took any means to discredit Hamilton’s work and Quaternionic systems!

It is hard to understand how violently anti Irish, anti mystical Kelvin and British society was . Maxwell was no doubt forced to recant his enthusiastic support of Hamilton’s quaternions simply because his colleagues and peers refused to embrace them and so could not follow nor would they read his mathematical treatises written in that form!
Maxwells work only survived due to the love of some Irish scientists and the Insight of Helmholtz and one crazy Maverick called Heaviside.

Hertz under Helmholtz insistence and Heaviside out of great admiration and some incredible Irish Maxwellians who were hand picked disciples of Hamilton, convinced of his genius all collaborated or competed to make sense of Maxwells theory. They heavily redacted the material, changed some important vector quantities in the light of modern improvements and generally proved and improved its relevance to modern technology. . In the meantime Fourier and probabilistic and statistical methods were gaining ground as the only viable methodology for the increasing flood of data experimentalist were having to vote with.

So it is no surprise that when Gauss , Maxwell drawing on work and ideas by Boltzmann, demonstrated the intersection between statistics and probability all on the unit interval and Euler -Coates demonstrated the connection to the unit circle the values of e, pi and I that theoreticians were drawn back to Hamilton’s work and the work of Armand, Cauchy and Gauss on complex numbers, But The Grassmann family are the real hidden secret behind modern Physics. Their groundbreaking methods and systems, pioneered outside mathematical academia shaped the wY modern physics would be described and rescued quaternions from the dustbin of history due to the astonishing work of Clifford an Acolyte of the Grassmanns, .

The affect of Hamilton Nd the Grassmanns and the embarrassment of academic mathematicians of those days is reported by Klein who berated mbbs clashing in the Prussian streets over whether the Hermann Grassmann or Sir William Rosanne Hamilton was the best mathematician to follow:

In my opinion the Grassmens are the most important, particularly in Herman’s work i is identified, as Coates and Eu,er surmised, as best regarded as a quantity of arc or rotation.

What this means for pphysics is that we no longer ignore or accept imaginary values as a title or mathesis but as real rotational measurements and components of rotational quantities.

Complex values therefore describe 2 or more quantise as a mix of rectilinear and rotational components, quaternions record rotational dynamics of spheres and any general 4algebra describes general vortivular rotTions.

So classically rotation or spin has been included in quantum mechanics from the start.

So now we come to Quirky Dirac. Rather than put up with his winging colleagues about imaginary values he simp,y invented the Bra Ket notation that does away with the number classifications and concentrates on observable magnitudes, you are not allowed to interpret the results of any calculation or description using br ket as motions, they are results of the prescribed methods. However ina classical sense they describe vorticular dynamics and their probabilistic interpretation.

The point simp,y is, the rotational dynamics are clearly magnetic dynamics at every conceivable stage of these research documentation and description the Stern Garlek experiment is a diffraction experiment, the interference patterning called superposition is merely constructive and destructive interference .

Despite what physicists say spin is spin in a classical sense and is perforce quantised BT’s frequency and the defined speed of light. But neither of these constants imposes a limit on spin frequencies for any theoretical quantity. If the so called physical region called an electron can not withstand shear forces above a certain speed the we need to question how we know that if it is beyond our ability to measure.
Einstein did not do awY with the aether, nor did he restrict nature to a pedestrian speed limit c! He merely asks rhe question: how can we reliably measure thins in motion at that speed or bd
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