Biological organisms at the cellular level , bacteria and other microbes synthesis lodestone or magnetite. A domain of magnetite is a lodestone not a bar magnet. These basic lodestone minerals are a fundamental biological unit of magnetism. Lodestone or iron oxide crystals are paramagnetic . Are they the source of magnetic behaviour?
Ampères circuitous depiction of magnetic behaviour required the particles of iron oxide or copper to be dynamic not static . What could be so small that it is dynamic in solid particles or solid materials? In fact it is not in solid materials at all but about the space in which a solid core can be found. But Amoères was convinced it was in dynàmic circuitous motion because a circuit behaved the same way.
It is this trochoidal rotation that is ignored or misunderstood by electromagnetic theory.
Like a homeostatic reaction magnetism priduces electricity and electricity produces magnetism : in other words rotation produces rotation .
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This reversible/ equilibrium reaction is driven in one direction by a catalyst that favours the desired outcome . Similarly magnetism can be driven to produce "electricity". But better still is to regard these asc2 modes of magnetic behaviour or 2 trochoidalmrotationsbof space-time or aether.