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A bit difficult to see but some ideas on the "atomic" structure
The difference now is that this transformer makes alternating currents from direct currents and the power line transformers use alternating currents to make alternating currents in this transformer, the iron prong ends remain the same magnet pole, but in power line transformers the magnet poles alternate. Page 11 MAGNETIC CURRENT
Some recent videos on magnetic theory that support Ed:s atomic hypotheses based on his observation of phenomenaThe opening scenes remind me of Ed's comment about the magnetic substances wrapping themselves around a photon!